The 599-page withdrawal agreement covers the following main areas:[16] The UK will retain a copy of the agreement while the original will return to Brussels where it will be kept in an archive with other historical international agreements. On 23 March 2018, EU and UK negotiators reached an agreement on the draft withdrawal agreement allowing the European Council (Article 50) to adopt guidelines for the framework for future eu-UK relations. After an unprecedented vote on 4 December 2018, MEPs ruled that the UK government was not respecting Parliament because it refused to give Parliament full legal advice on the consequences of its proposed withdrawal terms. [29] The focus of the consultation was on the legal effect of the “backstop” agreement for Northern Ireland, the Republic of Ireland and the rest of the United Kingdom with regard to the CUSTOMS border between the EU and the United Kingdom and its impact on the Good Friday agreement that led to the end of the unrest in Northern Ireland, including whether , according to the proposals, the UK would be certain that it would be able to leave the EU in a practical sense. After the document was signed in Brussels, it was brought to Downing Street by EU and British officials to be signed by British Prime Minister Boris Johnson, which expires on Friday. The agreement will then return to Brussels, and a copy of that convention will remain in London. The Northern Ireland Protocol, known as the Irish Backstop, was an annex to the November 2018 draft agreement outlining provisions to avoid a hard border in Ireland after the UK`s withdrawal from the European Union. The protocol provided for a provision of the safety net to deal with the circumstances in which satisfactory alternative arrangements were to come into force at the end of the transition period. This project has been replaced by a new protocol that will be described as follows. The withdrawal agreement between the European Union and the United Kingdom sets out the conditions for the UK`s orderly exit from the EU, in accordance with Article 50 of the Treaty on european Union. On the European Union side, the European Parliament also approved the ratification of the agreement on 29 January 2020[40] and the Council of the European Union approved the conclusion of the agreement by e-mail on 30 January 2020. [42] That is why, on 30 January 2020, the European Union also tabled its instrument for ratification of the agreement, concluding the agreement[43] and allowing it to enter into force on the date of the UK`s withdrawal from the EU on 31 January 2020, at 11 .m GMT.

Under the agreement, the UK will leave the EU at midnight Central European time on 31 January. The UK will remain in the EU internal market and customs union until the end of 2020, but none of the decision-making bodies are in place. The Prime Minister hailed a “fantastic moment” for the country after embarking on the historic agreement that paves the way for the UK`s exit from the European Union next Friday. The copy of the signed agreement was sent in a diplomatic bag for the Prime Minister`s signature in Downing Street. On Thursday, the withdrawal agreement received royal approval from the Queen. The nearly 600-page document contains agreements on citizens` rights, the UK`s financial commitments worth 33 billion pounds over the bloc and the Northern Ireland Protocol, which sets out how to maintain an open border on the island of Ireland.